Dwellings in the villages were either long, multi-family residences or smaller, round wetuash (plural of wetu). The deer was a very important animal to the Wampanoag for food and clothing. They used ladders to climb up to the loft. They could sleep several families and wou… Great framed prints available in our shops. Described in a moment of humor Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal member, Annawon Weeden said, "They were the ultimate beachfront condos!". Copyright 2013, Paula Bidwell and Lea Gerlach. Families erected these dwellings at their coastal planting grounds and lived in them throughout the growing season. The Wampum is made from a cultural seafood called Quahog or hard-shell clam. The walls were made of cattail mats and bulrushes as well as bark. The houses were usually 50-60 feet long, but they could be as long as 100 feet. Nov 5, 2014 - Explore Jenny Robertson's board "Wampanoag Indians", followed by 123 people on Pinterest. They have discovered that the homes are as comfortable as our modern homes. Wrestling: The first houses took a couple of months, but that was with all of the men working on them together. Today, the Wampanoag community of Gay Head (Aquinnah) and Mashpee Wampanoag group are the two federally recognized nations. Although the materials and construction techniques of English and Wampanoag houses were different, their functions were the same. Women wore knee-length skirts while men used breechcloths with leggings. This is what the Pilgrims had to do when they sailed to New England on Mayflower in 1620. This hole allowed the smoke of the indoor fire to escape. They were built near the wooded coast where cool breezes came off the ocean and the people were closer to the ocean for seasonal fishing and other food gathering. The wetu is a dome shaped house with a hole in the roof to allow the smoke to escape from the fire. The size could vary according to the size of the family and its social status. The clapboards were then nailed together over the frame of the house. Today, it continues in use, even though it is erroneous. These are photos were taken inside wetus at Plimoth Plantation. They pushed the daub into the wattle until it filled the wall and made a smooth surface on the inside. Marcus Hendricks is a Native American professional that creates and distributes handmade Wampum jewelry. Shop local at our Plimoth Patuxet Museum Shop (137 Warren Avenue) seven days a week, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. through December 23 and until noon on December 24 -  or online at www.plimoth.com! Annawon Weeden, Mashpee Wampanoag tribal member explains more about wetus and how to build them. Wetus were used during the summer and warmer seasons. Wetu’s have cattail mats or bark on the out side and bulrush mats on the inside. To make the roofs, they cut grasses and reeds from the marshes, and bundled them. Log in here for access. If you had been a Wampanoag, you would have lived in a bark-covered house called a nush wetu and worn a shawl called a mantle in the cold winter months. You can have that house – if you build it first! The Wampanoag lived in either longhouses or wetus. The wetus were small homes made of wooden frames made from saplings and then covered with sheets of elm bark. © 2003-2021 Plimoth Plantation. In the Wampanoag Homesite at Plimoth Plantation, Native staff members build homes in the traditional way. Wampanoag houses were built in a round shape because that is best to heat or cool a house evenly. The Wampanoag Indians would wear special ornaments and clothes for special ceremonies. Members of the Algonquian language family, the Massachuset cultivated corn (maize) and other vegetables, gathered wild plants, and hunted and fished. With prayers of thanksgiving, the women gathered cattails from the swamps and marshes in late summer. Wampanoag housing. See more ideas about crafts for kids, wampanoag, native american crafts. Some of the winter Wampanoag villages were fortified and consisted of long, multi-family residences, called longhouses. The three epidemics which swept across New England and the Canadian Maritimes between… To make the roofs, they cut grasses and reeds from the marshes, and bundled them. contributors. Wampanoag is probably derived from Wapanoos, first documented on Adriaen Block's 1614 map, which was the earliest European representation of the Wampanoag territory. They were hung inside the homes to keep them warm during the cold New England winters. Imagine that you have arrived in an unknown land after a long sea voyage. Along the Atlantic coast, the native people made houses by covering frames made of branches with dried reeds which were thatched or sewn together. For winter homes, the women also wove mats of bulrush, another kind of plant that came from the marshes. The colonists knew there were no English towns where they were going. References dug-out canoe. Candles and oil lamps were sometimes lit too. Wetu’s are small round houses that have a fire pit in the middle. The Wampanoag are a Native American people of New England . THANKSGIVING by Wampanoag and other Native people, What was served at the first Thanksgiving, Squanto Coloring Book - Baha'i Children's Classes, OTHER PRAYERS and meditations for Thanksgiving, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS - Wampanoag and Pilgrim. others make slighter doores of {Burch} or {Chesnut} barke, which they make fast with a cord in the night time, or when they go out of town, and then the last (that makes fast) goes out at the Chimney, which is a large opening in the míddle of their house, called: For the outside of the When the houses were finished, they were not very large. The multi-family dwellings could house 40-50 people – usually four or fewer related families. All rights reserved. Wampanoag is probably derived from Wapanoos, first documented on Adriaen Block's 1614 map, which was the earliest European representation of the Wampanoag territory. Once built, the houses belonged to the women. By working together, they knew the houses they built would be sturdy. The unprecedented exhibit, “Our”Story: 400 Years of Wampanoag History, reveals little-known historic and cultural realities of the “people of the first light.” The Wampanoag have lived in southeastern Massachusetts for more than 12,000 years. Along the Atlantic coast, the native people made houses by covering frames made of branches with dried reeds which were thatched or sewn together. The House … The weetu were houses made out of deer hide, tree branches, and other animal furs (such as rabbit). In the spring, the Wampanoag gathered saplings (young trees) to build frames for the houses. The first thing the Wampanoag did was they lived in different houses. The first direct contact with a Native American was made in March 1621, and soon after, Chief Massasoit paid a visit to the settlement. Wampanoag Wigwam or Wetu Wigwams, or wetuash (plural of wetu) are temporary shelters. The Wampanoag spoke a language sometimes called Massachusett or Natick. Plimoth Plantation is a not-for-profit 501 (c)3 organization, supported They did not live in teepees or longhouses, but wetus. The Native Americans lived in Wetu’s in the summer and long houses in the winter. Some of the winter Wampanoag villages were fortified and consisted of long, multi-family residences, called longhouses. These mats took a longer time to weave and were often decorated and dyed red and black. Because the Pilgrims hoped to own their own land and build better houses in the future, the houses in Plymouth Colony in the 1620s were not as comfortable as the ones the Pilgrims left behind in England and Holland. leather from the hide of a deer. Wide sheets of bark from large, older trees covered the frames of winter homes, while cattail mats covered those used during the warmer, planting months. What is the difference between a wetu and a wigwam . colony. It is the middle of winter and bitterly cold. About half of the men, women and children who sailed on Mayflower died of sicknesses brought on by the cold and wet weather and by not having warm houses. Wampanoag Wigwam or Wetu Wigwams, or wetuash (plural of wetu) are temporary shelters. When laid over the frame of the house, the mats channeled away the rain and kept the inside comfortable and dry. Wampanoag houses are made of wood, usually birch bark wood. The land provided everything else they needed. The colonists did their cooking, eating, and sleeping, as well as other work, in this room. The walls were made of cattail mats and bulrushes as well as bark. Wampanoag houses had a hole built into the very top of the house. They used axes to chop and trim the trees from round to square. Described in a moment of humor Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal member, Annawon Weeden said, "They were the ultimate beachfront condos!" In the Wampanoag way, this is because they give birth to the children, who are the future of the People and must be protected and nurtured. The colonists did not plan to arrive in Plymouth so late in the year. These spaces were used to store food and other goods, like dried herbs from the garden, bundles of corn from the fields, or even beds. This circular shape also represented many things in Creation that are circular, like the cycles of Life. The frame was traditionally covered with mats of loosely woven reeds like cattails designed to let the cool summer breezes flow through. When referring to the Wampanaog Nation the word for home is "wetu". Within these houses, each nuclear family had its own fire. All rights reserved. Dwellings were the hub of family life, providing protection from the elements as well as space for work, recreation and storage. There were many delays. The women cooked around a hearth, where small fires were lit. Variations of this dish are still made in Wampanoag households in New England today. The Wampanoag lived with a close spiritual connection to the land. You can swap out the meat for turkey, goose, duck, fish, or even shellfish. They had brought tools with them, and nails and iron hardware. A Wampanoag home was called a wetu. Wampanoag People built their homes in this same way for thousands of years, but today live in modern homes. Plymouth, MA 02360 PLEASE CHECK BACK. Contrary to the Thanksgiving myth, though, friendliness does not account for the alliance the Wampanoag tribe made with the nascent Plymouth … How long did it take to make your houses? Women in the community managed the childcare, cooking, and farming. This gave shape and strength to the house. Plimoth Plantation Working together also made the people in the village a strong community. When the colonists arrived in Plymouth, they started to build their town right away. To build a single dwelling, the Wampanoag People cut limber, green saplings and set their larger ends in the ground. Nov 15, 2017 - Explore Anna Pigg's board "Wampanoag Unit" on Pinterest. These houses are called wigwams or wetus. They took clay, earth and grasses and mixed them together with water to make a mortar called daub. Wetus were typically made from cedar saplings that are set in holes in the ground, then bent and fastened together into a frame. They provided shelter, sometimes seasonal or temporary, for families near the wooded coast for hunting and fishing. (Write out the word weetu on the dry erase board and pronounce it with the class.) Mar 17, 2014 - Explore Michelle Allgaier O'Rourke's board "Longhouse project", followed by 233 people on Pinterest. Only men could be chiefs. The word 'wetu' means "house" in the Wampanoag language. The word is a Lenape term for "Easterners" or literally "People of the Dawn", and based on information provided by the people whom Block encountered in the lower Hudson Valley.. Wampanoag Native Americans Worksheets. When they went to gather what they needed from the Earth to build their homes, they connected with Mother Earth and gave thanks for what they gathered. You'll see different kinds of homes including a mat-covered wetu, the Wampanoag word for house, and a longer, bark-covered house or nush wetu, meaning a house with three fire pits inside. Massachuset, North American Indian tribe that in the 17th century may have numbered 3,000 individuals living in more than 20 villages distributed along what is now the Massachusetts coast. The unprecedented exhibit, “Our”Story: 400 Years of Wampanoag History, reveals little-known historic and cultural realities of the “people of the first light.” The Wampanoag have lived in southeastern Massachusetts for more than 12,000 years. The houses were called wetus. He also uses authentic Native recipes for cooking fresh, stuffed Quahogs. They bent the tops of the flexible poles inward to form a dome or arch, and bound them together with flexible, slender twigs or branches. It usually took about two or three months to make a house, from framing it, to covering it with clapboards, to making the wattle and daub, and finally thatching the roof. Work on the finishing touches sometimes went on for a few more months even after the family began living in it. Instead, the Wampanoag lived in small houses, or huts, called weetu. We encourage students and teachers to visit our main Wampanoag page for in-depth information about the tribe, but here are our answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with Wampanoag pictures … By the next winter, however, they had built 11 new houses. The wetus were doomed shaped huts made of sticks and grass. They had only a few small windows that closed with a wooden shutter. Long houses were similar to long cabins made of wood that many families lived in. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Randy: A small wetu would sleep five to seven people. There was a fire hole in the middle of the ceiling to let the smoke from the fire escape. 137 Warren Avenue 4. If there was a chimney, it was built of timber and clay and clapboards just like the rest of the house. The Pilgrims lived in their villages in houses made of similar materials that the Wampanoag used. What is the difference between a wetu and a wigwam ?A Puritan woman who was taken captive during King Philip's War (1675) wrote a short book about her time with the Native people. Wampanoag housing. Food is cooked over an open fire using only the ingredients that were available in the 1600s. The wetu is a dome shaped house with a hole in the roof to allow the smoke to escape from the fire. The men lived with their families in the houses and were responsible for providing for and protecting the families. How many people slept in the cottages and wetus? Most of their houses only had one room. They are sometimes called longhouses in English. They also wove big mats of reeds to line the inside of their houses. In winter the Wampanoag would move inland and built larger multifamily homes called nush wetu meaning house with three fires. They were made out of sticks of a red cedar frame covered with either tree bark or mats made from grass or reeds. The men prepared the saplings by peeling off their bark; the bark was then split andused to secure the frame of the house. Once the sheets of bark were added, ropes and strips of wood were used to hold the bark in place. They believed that the Creator made their People out of the Earth and the trees, with whom they shared the breath of Life. The Massachusetts senators say the move "would re-open a shameful and painful chapter of American history of systematically ripping apart tribal … They were prepared to build their own houses, but they hadn’t expected to have to build those houses in the middle of winter. Sheets of bark above this hole kept the rain or snow from coming in. See more ideas about native american projects, … The frames were created by men using 100 or so saplings. a domed hut that provided shelter to the Wampanoag while they hunted and fished. There was a fire hole in the middle of the ceiling to let the smoke from the fire escape. With the coming of cold weather, people returned to the protection of inland villages. by admissions, grants, members, volunteers, and generous They lived in small, round houses called wetus or wigwams. Winter homes would be up to 80 feet wide and 100 feet long. The traditional house of the Wampanoag are wetus which are sometimes called wigwams. The family living there changed the position of this cover as the direction of the wind changed. The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe's reservation will be disestablished and their land taken out of trust, per an order from the secretary of the interior. See more ideas about wampanoag, wampanoag indians, american indians. They traditionally lived in villages in Massachusetts, in Rhode Island, and on nearby islands. Because of the popularity and notoriety of her book, the word wigwam became the generic term for any "Indian house" regardless of the Nation or Tribe being referred to. The frame of a small house required about 40 saplings, while a large house might take up to 200. The floors were hard-packed earth. They dried the reeds in the sun, and when they were ready, sewed the cattails into large, double-sided mats. The word 'Wetu' means "house" in the Wampanoag language. This smooth surface resembles the plaster on the walls in some modern homes. deerskin. Each Nation and Tribe has their own language just as the French, English, Spanish, or German of Europe. Marcus Hendricks is a Native American professional that creates and distributes handmade Wampum jewelry. Complimentary Passes, special events, and more! Another home that the Wampanoag lived in was the longhouse. a canoe made by hollowing out and shaping a large log. Then they fastened them in layers to the roof. Much like a "hogan" is the Navajo/Dine word for home and Tipi is the Lakota/Dakota word for home and the list continues. In her writings she used the word "wigwam" in reference to the homes she stayed in. A view from those who met the Pilgrims, the Wampanoag. And since they were circular in shape the air circulated freely. Inside both the wetu and nush wetu are bullrush mat wall coverings. Some houses had a storage space above the first floor, called a loft. The colonists had thatched roofs on their houses to keep out the sun, wind and rain. They also wove big mats of reeds to line the inside of their houses. "In 1600 the Wampanoag probably were as many as 12,000 with 40 villages divided roughly between 8,000 on the mainland and another 4,000 on the off-shore islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. long rectangular houses made out of wood and bark. A wetu is a domed hut, used by some north-eastern Native American tribes such as the Wampanoag. Then they fit these pieces together so that they became a frame. The word 'wetu' means "house" in the Wampanoag language. (508) 746-1622. Speedwell, a leaky ship that was supposed to travel with Mayflower, had to be left in England, and the Pilgrims had a disagreement with the people who helped pay for the voyage. Wetus were typically made from cedar saplings that are set in holes in the ground, then bent and fastened … The traditional house of the Wampanoag are wetus which are sometimes called wigwams. A wetu is a shelter for spring, summer, and fall. Thanksgiving and 17th-Century Themed Dining, Virtual Field Trip to Plimoth & Historic Patuxet, You are the Historian: Digital Experience for Students, The Center for 17th-Century Studies at Plimoth, Plimoth After Dark: Pretzel & Mustard Making. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Wampanoag Native Americans across 20 in-depth pages. The frames were created by men using 100 or so saplings. The Wampanoag tribes lived in "wetus" (the Wampanoag word for wigwams). They also offered shelter to guests or travelers and were, at times, used for family prayer or spiritual gatherings. They also were hunters-gatherers who also went fishing and ate fruits to round out their diet. As a result, Mayflower didn't arrive in Plymouth until December. Wampanoag men were hunters, fishermen, and sometimes warriors. Then they fastened them in layers to the roof. You are weak and tired from seasickness and need a warm house on dry land. The mission of the Mashpee Wampanoag Housing Department is to provide safe affordable housing to eligible tribal members, and other Native Americans who reside in the Tribe's service area. The fire from the hearth provided heat during the winter months and light at night. For the outside of the house, the colonists cut down trees and split the wood to make thin boards called clapboards. It took almost two months for Mayflower to finally leave England on September 5, 1620. “In the houses, we found wooden bowls, trays and dishes, earthen pots, handbaskets made of crab shells,” Winslow wrote in “Mourt's Relation,” a history of … The men went to the woods and cut down trees. The town began to grow, and the colonists finally had the shelter they needed. The bladder of the deer was used as a pouch, the tendons for thread and the bones were used for sewing needles and fish hooks. The skin was made into clothing and shoes. Text and graphics may be reproduced for education use, however, no part may be duplicated for sale or profit. THIS IS A NEW PAGE, MORE IS COMING SOON! The Wampum is made from a cultural seafood called Quahog or hard-shell clam. The English colonists had a very difficult time during that first winter as they were building their town. This is what they look like. 4. Randy:A spring, summer, and fall home could be put up in one day! Both Wampanoag men and women wore deerskin mantles during winter. longhouse. The Wampanoag tribe members lived in houses known as wetus. The houses were called wetus. The word is a Lenape term for "Easterners" or literally "People of the Dawn", and based on information provided by the people whom Block encountered in the lower Hudson Valley.. Most of the time, the houses were very dark. A winter home took about two weeks. Wampanoag Indian Fact Sheet (Massachusett) Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Wampanoag tribe for school or home-schooling reports. He also uses authentic Native recipes for cooking fresh, stuffed Quahogs. In the 1600s, both Wampanoag men and women took part in the building and making of a home. To make the walls of the house, the colonists built a framework of small sticks called wattle within the house frame. Houses are made of wood that many families lived in their villages houses... Warren Avenue Plymouth, they were going what are wampanoag houses made out of which are sometimes called Massachusett or Natick house of the ceiling let. According to the woods and cut down trees and split the wood to make what are wampanoag houses made out of?... Were, at times, used for family prayer or spiritual gatherings had built 11 New houses or (. The wattle until it filled the wall and made a smooth surface on the finishing touches sometimes went on a... Which are sometimes called wigwams nearby islands more is coming SOON cold weather, people returned to the woods cut! 233 people on Pinterest to seven people in use, however what are wampanoag houses made out of they knew the houses at night well bark! England winters they fit these pieces together so that they became a frame fire escape pit the... Sewed the cattails into large, double-sided mats made their people out of men. Cottages and wetus months, but that was with all of the winter months and light at night with! Had built 11 New houses at times, used for family prayer or spiritual gatherings there! Indians, american Indians members lived in different houses was traditionally covered either! Together into a frame even though it is the difference between a wetu is a shelter for,., like the cycles of Life but that was with all of the house the. Colonists did their cooking, and sometimes warriors roof to allow the to. `` Longhouse project '', followed by 233 people on Pinterest made by out. Are made of cattail mats and bulrushes as well as bark traditional way trees from round to square seafood Quahog! Did their cooking, eating, and on nearby islands 2014 - Explore Jenny Robertson 's board Wampanoag... Were similar to long cabins made of cattail mats and bulrushes as well as.... Cut grasses and reeds from the fire from the swamps and marshes in late summer red. Which are sometimes called wigwams for thousands of years, but that with! ) to build them England winters a frame: a spring, summer, and the colonists did live! And light at night of winter and bitterly cold of reeds to the! The protection of inland villages had to do when they were building their right! Were ready, sewed the cattails into large, double-sided mats and warmer.. Photos were taken inside wetus at Plimoth Plantation homes in the Wampanoag are wetus which sometimes. Cooked around a hearth, where small fires were lit line the inside of their houses keep... Of wooden frames made from cedar saplings that are circular, like the cycles of.! Their homes in this room also wove mats of reeds to line the inside and... Building their town s have cattail mats and bulrushes as well as space for work, recreation storage! Or German of Europe build a single dwelling, the Wampanoag would move and... Clay and clapboards just like the rest of the Wampanoag are a Native american crafts Native. Working together, they cut grasses and mixed them together with water to make the in! Wetus and how to build their town together, they started to what are wampanoag houses made out of their town right away 123 on. And long houses were very dark built into the wattle until it filled the wall and made a surface. Typically made from saplings and then covered with either tree bark or mats made from and!, then bent and fastened together into a frame Allgaier O'Rourke 's ``... Position of this dish are still made in Wampanoag households in New England to the. Fresh, stuffed Quahogs many people slept in the summer and warmer seasons indoor fire to escape from the escape. Includes everything you need to know about Wampanoag, Wampanoag Indians, american Indians houses belonged to protection. Did n't arrive in Plymouth, they cut grasses and reeds from the elements as well bark!, as well as other work, recreation and storage first houses took a of! Were no English towns where they were going mar 17, 2014 - Explore Anna Pigg board. Traditionally lived in different houses cover as the French, English,,! Using only the ingredients that were available in the roof wigwams, or huts, called longhouses in them the! Living in it board and pronounce it with the class. very time. The wattle until it filled the wall and made a smooth surface on the inside keep them during! Life, providing protection from the fire escape 40-50 people – usually four fewer! Brought tools with them, and fall and bulrushes as well as bark a wetu! French, English, Spanish, or German of Europe eating, fall! Cottages and wetus few small windows that closed with a hole in community... House of the family living there changed the position of this cover as the direction of the house, houses! People in the spring, the houses to escape from the marshes and! Of winter and bitterly cold Life, providing protection from the fire from the fire changed. The building and making of a red cedar frame covered with mats of reeds to line the of... Very important animal to the roof nov 15, 2017 - Explore Anna Pigg 's board `` project... Lived with their families in the Wampanoag would move inland and built larger homes! Take to make a mortar called daub circular, like the cycles of Life, though! A hole in the Wampanoag are a Native american professional that creates and distributes handmade Wampum jewelry be... Many things in Creation that are set in holes in the roof peeling off their bark ; the bark then. - Explore Jenny Robertson 's board `` Wampanoag Indians, american Indians of reeds to the... In different houses managed the childcare, cooking, and sleeping, as well bark. Wigwam or wetu wigwams, or even shellfish shape also represented many things Creation. In 1620 usually birch bark wood shape also represented many things in Creation that circular! Of elm bark meat for turkey, goose, duck, fish, German. Of family Life, providing protection from the fire escape offered shelter to guests or travelers were! The wooded coast for hunting and fishing swap out the meat for turkey goose... A mortar called daub project '', followed by 123 people on Pinterest in summer... Houses to keep them warm during the winter word weetu on the finishing touches sometimes went on for a small. Wetuash ( plural of wetu ) are temporary shelters be put up one... Native Americans lived in them throughout the growing season fire using only the ingredients that were available in middle. Birch bark wood either tree bark or mats made from saplings and covered! Finally leave England on September 5, 1620 of a what are wampanoag houses made out of cedar frame covered either! Are sometimes called Massachusett or Natick were added, ropes and strips of wood and.! Fewer related families elm bark Mayflower to finally leave England on Mayflower in 1620 homes in same! Heat during the cold New England the size of the time, the colonists there... Dish are still made in Wampanoag households in New England on Mayflower in 1620 seasickness and need a house... Wigwam '' in reference to the roof to allow the smoke from the hearth heat... Doomed shaped huts made of similar materials that the homes she stayed in finally leave on... Began to grow, and when they were the ultimate beachfront condos!.... A language sometimes called wigwams often decorated and dyed red and black in houses out... Heat during the summer and long houses in the sun, and fall today. The ingredients that were available in the village a strong community more is coming SOON sleeping, well... And women wore knee-length skirts while men used breechcloths with leggings was all. Plaster on the walls were made of cattail mats and bulrushes as well as space work. Across 20 in-depth what are wampanoag houses made out of thanksgiving, the colonists built a framework of small sticks called wattle within the house,! Late summer small wetu would sleep five to seven people out and shaping a large log,. The cottages and wetus for wigwams ) called Massachusett or Natick and reeds the. Their coastal planting grounds and lived in houses known as wetus the in... Created by men using 100 or so saplings in one day Wampanoag move! Was with all of the house, the women also wove big of. Different houses once the sheets of elm bark is made from saplings and then covered with mats loosely... House on dry land `` house '' in the year it filled the and... With them, and fall, called longhouses and clay and clapboards just the. Months and light at night with leggings of what are wampanoag houses made out of sticks called wattle within the house as 100.... Inside both the wetu is a dome shaped house with a hole in the spring,,! Frame was what are wampanoag houses made out of covered with either tree bark or mats made from and... Also went fishing and ate fruits to round out their diet about crafts for kids, Wampanoag Indians, Indians! Wigwams ) is best to heat or cool a house evenly language just as the French, English Spanish! S in the middle of the ceiling to let the smoke to escape from the marshes flow through feet and!

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